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Medicine from head to foot, first Giunta edition

GALENUS (GALEN), Claudius.

De medicamentorum compositione secundum locos, libri decem, nunc primum in lucem editi.
Venice, (colophon: Luca Antonio Giunta), 1536. 8vo. With Giunta's woodcut device on title-page and repeated on the otherwise blank last leaf. Modern brown morocco.

€ 5,000

Second edition, the first printed by Giunta, of Galen's "On the composition of medicine according to locality", edited and translated into Latin by Johann Winter von Andernach (1505-1574). Andernach's translation was first printed in the previous year in Paris by Simon Colines. "There is no name more illustrious in the whole history of medicine than that of Galen… Written in Greek, this Galenic treasure reached the Latin Western World only through Arabic translations" (Hagelin).
The recipes, mostly taken from earlier authorities such as Andromachus, Asclepiades, Pharmacion, Archigenes and others, are ordered from head to foot, starting with ailments of the hair, head, ears and nose, eyes, face and teeth, and mouth, and continuing down the body through the respiratory tract, stomach and liver, genitalia, kidney and bladder, and ending with sciatica and gout of the feet.
"During the 1530s the eminent printer, Luca Antonio Giunta (1517-1537), decided to publish a comprehensive edition of Galen's works in Latin so that physicians would no longer have to rely on writings from Greek and Arabic sources. Montanus, who led the editorial effort, chose many noted authorities and scholars to aid in the massive undertaking" (Heirs of Hippocrates). Giunta's editions of Galen are considered the most import together with those of Aldus, and together with those Froben considered the most readable.
Some underscoring and early manuscript annotations. Some wormholes through the title-page and smaller through a few following leaves, dampstains throughout and one leaf with a tear; a fair copy.
Durling, A chronological census of renaissance editions and translations of Galen 1536.9; Durling 1862; USTC 831429; Wellcome I, 2564; cf. DSB V, pp. 227-235; Garrison, History of medicine, pp. 116-117; Hagelin, Rare and important medical books, pp.12-15; Heirs of Hippocrates 37.

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Related Subjects:

Early printing & manuscripts  >  Medicine & Pharmacy
Medicine & pharmacy  >  Medicine & Pharmacy pre 1700
Middle east & islamic world  >  Medicine & Science