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Treaty on the Dutch and Portuguese commerce and territories in Ceylon

Provisioneel en[de] particulier tractaet, ... tusschen de heer Francisco de Sousa Continho, raedt ende ambassadeur vanden ... coningh van Portugael ... ende de heeren gedeputeerden vande ... Staten Generael ... aengaende de controversie over de jurisdictie ende territorie van 't fort Galle, etc.
The Hague, Widow and heirs of Hillebrant Jacobsz van Wouw, 1645. 4to. With the woodcut arms of the States General (lion with sword and 7 arrows) in an elaborately decorated cartouche with military attributes on title-page. Modern black paper wrappers. 4 ll.
€ 750
Early edition of the Dutch translation of a provisional agreement made between the Dutch States General and the Portuguese ambassador Francisco de Zousa Continho on the jurisdiction and territory of Fort Galle in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), one of the most important outposts both strategically and as a trading centre. The Dutch had captured it from the Portuguese in 1640 and they had been fighting in the region since that time. The treaty notes the losses and battles caused by the dispute between the two powers and the demands made by the Dutch government to secure their position in the East Indies. This includes their demand for a yearly supply of cinnamon, through which the Portuguese are to pay off their debt, and restitution by both parties for the losses they caused one another. The parties agree to honor the treaty and not trespass on each other's rights and territories.
In very good condition. STCN 036718416; cf. Knuttel 5202 & 5205b; Landwehr & V.d. Krogt, VOC 242 (other editions).
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Asia  >  India & Ceylon
Europe  >  Spain & Portugal
Maritime history  >  VOC & WIC