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How to determine the hour of the day astronomically: first description of the "horoscopion"

APIANUS, Petrus (= Peter APIAN, Peter BIENEWITZ).
Horoscopion Apiani generale dignoscendis horis cuiuscumque.
Ingolstadt, [the author], 1533. Small folio (20 x 29 cm). Title printed in red and black with a large woodcut showing Apianus's scientific instrument described in this work, the "horoscopion", several tables and 25 woodcut illustrations in the text (1 nearly full-page). Modern brown sheepskin with new paste-downs, blind-tooled triple-fillet frame on each board, author's name in gold on spine, blue sprinkled edges. [39], [1 blank] pp.
€ 6,500
First edition of Apianuss first full description of the "horoscopion", a geometric quadrant which could be used as a scientific instrument for determining the hour of the day astronomically and for measuring distances, heights and depths. In this work, Apianus describes not only the instrument itself, but also the practical application of it. The work is divided into four parts. The first part describes the instrument, the second part is strictly astronomical, the third part is devoted to solving problems by measuring heights, distances and depths of distant objects.
The Horoscopion Apiani was printed at the authors own press at Ingolstadt. It was dedicated to the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who granted Apianus a printing monopoly in 1532 and 1534 and who appointed Apianus later as his court mathematician. This work was, like all of Apianuss works, very influential and can therefore be regarded as a treasure for 16th-century mathematical and astronomical knowledge.
Binding slightly rubbed, many wormholes throughout the whole book (sometimes affecting the text), a few small tears in the lower margin, last pages slightly water stained, first endpaper a bit crinkled, but still a rare work in good condition. Adams, A-1290; Honeyman 112; Houzeau & Lancaster 2395; Stillwell 811; USTC 664150; Zinner, Astronomischen Literatur, 1512; for the author: DSB I, pp. 178-179.
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Early printing & manuscripts  >  Natural History & Science
Science & technology  >  Astronomy & Mathematics