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The first Dutch work on tropical medicine

BONTIUS, Jacobus (Jacob de BONDT), Willem PISO & Georg MARKGRAF.
Oost- en West-Indische warande. Vervattende aldaar de leef- en geneeskonst. ...
Amsterdam, Jan ten Hoorn, 1694.
With: (2) Johannes VERBRUGGE. De nieuwe verbeterde chirurgyns scheeps-kist ...
Amsterdam, Jan ten Hoorn, 1693.
2 works in 1 volume. 8vo. Ad 1 with an engraved title-page, a small fleur-de-lis woodcut vignette on the title-page, a woodcut decorated initial and a woodcut tail-piece. Ad 2 with a large woodcut vignette on the title-page, and three woodcut decorated initials. Contemporary vellum with the manuscript title on the spine. [1], [1 blank], [4], 304, [7], [1 blank]; 96 pp.
€ 7,500
Very rare work on medicine in the East and West Indies, compiled for the use of naval and tropical surgeons, including ships doctors on VOC ships. Dutch physicians Jacobus Bontius (or Jacob de Bondt, 1592-1631) and Willem Piso (or Gulielmus Piso, 1611-1678) are both considered to be the founders of the field of tropical medicine. Bontius worked in the East Indies. Piso worked in Brazil during the Dutch period (1630-1654). The work is very rare. According to WorldCat, it is only present in a few libraries worldwide. We have also not been able to trace any other copies in sales records of the past 100 years.
The present work is a Dutch translation of De medica Indorum (1642) by Bontius, the first Dutch work on tropical medicine, and Historia naturalis Brasiliae (1648) by Piso and Georg Markgraf (also known as Georg Marcgrave or Marggraf, 1610-1644), which is also considered to be a pioneering work in the field. As the present work was meant as a practical guide for surgeons, only the most relevant chapters of the Latin editions have been included. This is the first Dutch edition of Piso's work, but the second of Bontius'. Although most reference works do not mention this, the Dutch translation of Bontius' work had already been published in 1673 as Oost-Indische warande. As a result, the present work is the second edition, but it is the first to combine these two pioneering works.
The last work in this binding, written by VOC physician Johannes Verbrugge (17th century) is a catalogue of drugs that physicians should carry on their travels to the East and West Indies, and includes a list of diseases that are common on those voyages and their cures. It is a logical addition to the other two works and is rarely found separately.
With an annotation on the front pastedown, the large bookplate of E. Grendel mounted on the first flyleaf, and a bookseller's slip mounted on the back pastedown. The lower two-thirds of the front joint has split, but the front board is still attached. The first flyleaf is nearly detached, the work is somewhat browned throughout, with small stains on the outer margin of the first few leaves. Otherwise in good condition. Krivatsy 1500; Landwehr VOC, 829; Sabin 6341; STCN 102642796 (3 copies, incl. 1 incomplete); WorldCat 1154809136 (6 copies); cf. Borba de Moraes II, p. 676 (different ed.); Garrison & Morrison 2263 and 2263.1 (different eds.).
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Americas  >  Brazil | Middle America & Caribbean Islands | WIC - West India Company
Asia  >  Southeast Asia | VOC - Dutch East India Company
Cartography & exploration  >  Voyages & Travel
Maritime history  >  VOC & WIC
Medicine & pharmacy  >  Medicine & Pharmacy pre 1700
Natural history  >  Botany (General) | Zoology (General incl. Faunas)