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Treaty for friendship and commerce between Russia and Denmark

CATHERINE THE GREAT, Tsarina and CHRISTIAN VII.
[Title in Russian followed on the same page by:] Traité d'amitié et de commerce, entre l'Empire de Russie et la couronne de Dannemarc, conclu à St. Petersbourg le 8-19 Octobre 1782.
[St. Petersburg], Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1782. Small folio (29.5 x 19.5 cm). Treaty between Russia and Denmark in Russian and French in 2 parallel columns in cyrillic (left) and roman (right) types. Disbound.
€ 1,950
Very rare first edition, in Russian and French, of a treaty for friendship and commerce concluded at St Petersburg, negotiated between Tsarina Catherine the Great of Russia and King Christian VII of Denmark. The relationship between the two countries had become hostile after Peter III became the Russian Tsar in 1762. His descent from Holstein-Gottorf led to territorial conflicts between the two powers and even to a threat of war. When Catherina II took the throne their relation stabilized. In 1765 they made an alliance and in the 1773 Treaty of Tsarskoe Selo Russia returned Schleswig-Holstein to Denmark in exchange for Russian control over the Duchy of Oldenburg. The present treaty emphasizes the "peace" and "eternal friendship" between Russia and Denmark and gives specific conditions for trade.
Old vertical crease from a former fold, first and last leaf lightly soiled and spotted and the sewing has partly come loose, but still in good condition.
KVK & WorldCat (2 copies); G.F. von Martens, Recueil des principaux traités ... II (1801), no. 100 (pp. 284-300).
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Europe  >  Russia | Scandinavia
History, law & philosophy  >  Economics, Numismatiscs & Trade | Law & Politics