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Important theological and philosophical first edition (1486) and first complete edition of a related work (1503) in contemporary, richly blind-tooled calf from the bindery of the
Benedictine monastery of the Apostle Saint Matthias in Trier

GREGORIO DA RIMINI (GREGORIUS ARIMINENSIS).
Gregorius de Arimino [Lectura] in primo[-secundo] sententiaru[m] nuperrime impressus. Et q[uam] diligentissime sue integritati restitutus. Per ... Paulu[m] de Genazano. [Lectura super primum librum sententiarum and in secundo libro sententiarum].
[colophons y5v & pp10r:] Venice, by Boneto Locatello at the expense of the heirs of Ottaviano I Scoto of Monza, 21 March-5 April 1503. With 2 title-pages, Scotos woodcut device at the end of each volume. Set in 2 columns of 65 lines using 3 sizes of rotunda gothic types.
2) HERVAEUS NATALI (Hervé de NÉDÉLLAC) of Brittany. [incipit π1v:] Tabula s[u]p[er] q[uat]tuor quolibeta ... [incipit a1r:] Hervei britonis ... quattuor quolibeta feliciter incipiunt. [Quattuor quodlibeta].
[colophon o7v:] Venice, Reynaldus de Novimagio (Rainald von Nimwegen), 11 July 1486.2 works (ad 1 in 2 volumes) bound as 1 volume. Chancery folio. Contemporary (ca. 1503) richly blind-tooled calf over quarter-sawn square-edged oak(?) boards (with little overhang), from the bindery of the Benedictine monastery of the Apostle Saint Matthias in Trier. 163, [9]; 118, [4]; [95], [1 blank] ll.
€ 18,000
Nearly untrimmed copies of the first edition (1486) and first complete edition (1503) of two important theological-philosophical treatises written ca. 1320 and in 1344 respectively. Both were printed in Venice, the earlier by Reynaldus de Novimagio (Rainald von Nimwegen, that is, from Nijmegen in the Netherlands) and the later for the heirs of Ottaviano Scoto. They were bound together for the Benediktinerkloster Sankt Matthias in Trier in contemporary, richly blind-tooled calf.
Ad 2: First edition of a series of Thomist philosophical and theological disputations by Hervaeus Natalis (ca. 1255-1323), written ca. 1320 based on questions put to him in four of a series of eleven quodlibeta held in Paris in the years 1307 to 1318, printed in Venice in 1486, edited by Benedictus Utinensis. The four quodlibeta present Hervaeuss disquisitions on 16, 17, 15 and 15 numbered questions respectively.
Ad 1: First combined edition of Gregorio da Riminis lectures on the first two "libri" of Peter Lombards Sententiarum, delivered at Paris in 1343 and dated 1344 from Paris in the authors colophons (x3v & pp6r). "Modern Augustinianism begins only with Gregory of Rimini" and his lectures on the Sententiarum are his "most important [work] by far ... Virtually everything we know about Gregorys teaching comes from this text." His writings "set a new standard for the critical use of texts among later medieval authors." (Zuoko, pp. 283-284, the first phrase quoting Damasus Trapp). For these lectures, Gregorio thoroughly studied the work of the English theologians William of Ockham, Walter Chatton and especially Adam of Wodeham, all then little known in Paris but their ideas played an important role in the development of French theology and philosophy thanks largely to Gregorio. He proved himself an "independent thinker" (Zuoko, p. 286) by examining their work critically, arguing against Ockhams denial of the existence of "species" and making original contributions on other points as well. In particular, he spread the radical notion that things we know scientifically are "state[s] of affairs capable of being signified by a proposition" (Zuoko, p. 284) and emphasized the importance of the knowledge of causes rather than merely the knowledge of things. He discusses the philosophical ideas of Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus, especially and extensively covering the notion of "species", the most important link between his work and Hervaeuss Quattuor quodlibeta bound with it, both criticizing Duns Scotuss view.
The bindery of the Benedictine Monastery of Saint Matthias in Trier (active ca. 1480-ca. 1520) bound the two books together soon after the later one was published in 1503. Since the present book was comes from the Benedictine monastery in Trier we suspect the Redemptionists acquired it during or in preparation for their establishment in Trier. We also know that they acquired at least one book deaccessioned by the Stadtbibliothek in Trier (accessioned by the Redemptionists in 1887) and the present book has the same printed paper label, but with no accession date filled in: "Bibl. Prov[inciae]. Germ[niae]. Inf[erioris]. C.SS.R. [= Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris]" (this label cannot date before 1859, when the Lower German Province was established, and was in use until 1887 or later), so they may have acquired the book via the Stadtsbibliothek, which still owns several other books bound by the Trier monastery. The back of the title-page has the stamp of the "Bibliothek Ordensseminar Geistingen CSSR Hennef (Sieg)" (1935 or soon after).
Ad 1 has a vertical crease in the title-page, which also has a large but faint brown stain, mostly in the large white space above the title itself, a tiny hole in bb1 (affecting one letter) and small stains in the foot margins of ee3v and ee4r. About six sheets in the preliminary quire π and the last quires k-o of ad 2 (all but one from the stocks watermarked with a pair of scales) are slightly browned, but the other sheets remain clean, white and crisp, and all the paper is nearly untrimmed, preserving some deckles at the fore-edge, head and foot (ad 2 preserves many at the fore-edge). Both works in very good condition overall, most leaves fine, with the paper crisp and fresh, ad 2 including the final blank leaf. Rebacked, preserving the original supports, with hinges worn and the head and foot of the spine repaired (affecting the 4 Evangelist stamps on the boards near the hinge, but the same 4 stamps also appear undamaged near the fore-edge) and some worm damage (especially to the uppermost raised band), several chips, scratches, cuts and scuffs in the calf covering the boards (2 cuts stitched together at an early date). The scuffs on the back board affect several stamps, but the binding remains generally in good condition and thanks to the multiple impressions all 15 stamps can be seen in clear impressions. Venice editions (1486 first edition and 1503 first complete edition) of two related 14th-century theological and philosophical works of considerable importance, in a stunning contemporary binding with 75 impressions of 15 stamps. Ad 1: EDIT16, CNCE 21699; USTC 834103; for Rimini and the present text: Gregorio da Rimini (ed. & with commentary by Damasus Trapp), Lectura super ... sententiarum, 7 vols., 1981-1987; Jack Zupko, "Gregory of Rimini", in: Gracia & Noone, eds., Companion to philosophy in the Middle Ages, pp. 30 & 283-290; ad 2: BMC V, p. 258; BSB-Ink H223; Goff, H113; GW 12392; Hain *8531 (variant); ISTC in00133000; Polain (B) 1919; USTC 994405; for Hervaeus and his quodlibeta: Russell Friedman, "Dominican quodlibetal literature, ca. 1260-1330", in: Chris Schabel, ed., Theological quodlibeta in the Middle Ages: the fourteenth century, pp. 401-480, at pp. 431-449.
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