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Rare 1542 edition of one of the most important works of Saint John Chrysostomom

CHRYSOSTOM, John.
In sanctum Jesu Christi evangelium secundum Matthaeum commentarii, diligenter ab Arrianorum faecibus purgati, & in lucem in sacrae paginae tyronum gratiam modo recens sub minoriforma aediti.
Antwerp, Joannes Steelsius, 1542. 2 works in 1 volume. 8vo. With two woodcut initials at the beginning of the introduction and the prologue, of 2 different series, and a large woodcut printer's device on the last page, showing a staff, surrounded by doves and the text 'steelsius', stuck in a plaquette that says 'concordia, res parue crescunt'. With: CHRYSOSTOM, John. Passio Domini Nostri Iesu Christi secundum Matthaeum in decem Homilias divisa.
Antwerp, Joannes Steelsius, 1542.
With a woodcut initial on the first leaf.
Contemporary Flemish blind-tooled, panel-stamped calf, with a tripartite panel on both sides and remnants of ties. [8],"313" [=314], [1]; 47, [1] ll.
€ 9,500
Rare second edition of a devotional work by Saint John Chrysostom (347-407 CE). The contents of this second edition are more extensive than those of the first edition, published 5 years earlier, which only contains the first two-thirds of the work. The last third was published separately as Passio Domini in 1542 and added to this copy. The present work very rarely appears on the market.
Chrysostom was the archbishop of Constantinople and an important early church father. His name comes from the epithet Chysostomus (anglicized as Chysostom), which means golden-mouth and denotes his eloquence. He was venerated as a saint shortly after his death and is still important in the Eastern Orthodox Church today. He was known for his public speaking talent and was also one of the most prolific writers of early Christianity. Although some of Chrysostoms works were published in the original Greek beginning in 1526, they spread earlier and more widely in Latin translation. According to Adams, the first Latin translation of one of his works dates from 1519, but his writings continued to be translated and published all throughout the 16th century.
Chrysostom has written numerous religious works, but is especially known for his homilies and commentaries. The current work contains his homilies of Saint Matthew, which according to Baur is one of his best and most important texts. It strongly influenced Armenian Christianity and is still read and studied today. The homilies were very likely intended as sermons and delivered to a church audience by Chysostom himself.
The design of the binding is typically Flemish. Multiple bindings from the same time period with a very similar panel-stamp are known. However, this binding is unique. Not only is it larger, but it also has extra blind-tooling around the edges that the other bindings lack. Most importantly, however, the text on the stamp is different. While all the other bindings are stamped with a line of psalm 130, here it is psalm 70. This variation is not mentioned in any of the reference works.
With a manuscript owner's inscription on the recto of first flyleaf ("Publia in ... res sibi .. & regina"), one on the verso of the first flyleaf ("J Stange") andtwo on the title page ("ex libris F. R. liberi Baronis de Twickel Canon: Hildesiensis et Monasteriensis), the other crossed out. The blind-tooling on the boards is very crisp and clear. Some loss of leather, mainly at the head of the spine (exposing the headband and a small portion of the sewing) and the corners of the back board. The pastedowns are missing, showing the boards and the manuscript waste used to reinforce the spine (also visible between ll. 40 and 41 in ad 2). Small brown stains on the first flyleaf and title page, occasionally slightly browned. Otherwise in good condition. Ad 1: Adams C 1531; Belg. Typ. 1608; STCV 12916258 (3 copies); USTC 408234 (15 copies, only 8 with a known shelfmark); WorldCat 69054696, 312713362, 901134465, 67580012, 69058371 (13 copies); Ad 2: Adams C 1533; Belg. Typ. 6076; STCV 12923552 (1 copy); USTC 408266 (16 copies, only 8 with a known shelfmark); cf. for the author: Baur, Catholic Encyclopedia vol. 8, "St. John Chrysostom; for the binding: Fogelmark, Flemish and related panel-stamped bindings, pp. 32-44; Goldschmidt, Gothic & Renaissance bookbindings, p. 216 plate 45.
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